This Guidance Document on “Food for Special Dietary Use for Sportspersons” is the outcome of a collaborative effort at the national level to promote use of dope-free food supplements and nutritional products for sportspersons and to develop and strengthen cooperation in the fields of Sports Nutrition including nutrition practices that enhance lifelong health and fitness of sportspersons.
Food for Special Dietary Use for Sportspersons (FSDU for Sportspersons) contain ingredients required to achieve specific nutritional and performance goals. However, there have been instances where such food may be laced with prohibited substances resulting in unintentional doping. Therefore, it becomes imperative that the sportspersons must have proper guidance on such food and nutritional products so as to ensure that they make informed choices while purchasing these products.
This guidance document attempts to educate the sports fraternity (sportspersons, sports nutritionists, health professionals and coaches) and general public on various types and forms of supplements available in the market; their selection criteria as per requirement; dosage; labelling and claims provisions; authenticity, traceability and source. In addition, the guidance document
also provides for:
Sports: an activity involving physical exertion and skill in which an individual or team competes against another or others for entertainment;
Sportsperson: means an individual who is involved in various types of sports activities as approved by Sports Authority of India (Ministry of Youth Affairs & Sports);
Food for Special Dietary Uses (FSDU) for Sportspersons: FSDU for Sportsperson is a specifically processed or formulated product that satisfies particular dietary requirements which may exist or arise because of certain sports and related physical activities;
Ergogenic aid: a physical, mechanical, nutritional, psychological or pharmacological substance or treatment that either directly improves physiological variables associated with exercise performance or removes subjective restraints which may limit physiological capacity;
Nutritional ergogenic aid: substance found in the diet that is ingested in an effort to produce improved or enhanced sport, exercise, and physical performance;
Nutrient Ingredient: means a vitamin, mineral, or amino acid as specified in Schedule I and Schedule II of the FSS (Food or Health Supplements, Nutraceuticals, Foods for Special Dietary Uses, Foods for Special Medical Purpose, Functional Foods, and Novel Food) Regulations, 2016;.
Prohibited Substance: Substance/ ingredient /drug prohibited by WADA for use by sportspersons.
Section 22 of the Food Safety and Standards Act, 2006 defines “Food for special dietary uses or functional foods or nutraceuticals or health supplements” as “ food which are specially processed or formulated to satisfy particular dietary requirements which exist because of a particular physical or physiological condition or specific diseases and disorders and which are presented as such, wherein the composition of these foodstuffs must differ significantly from the composition of ordinary foods of comparable nature, if such ordinary foods exist, and may contain one or more ingredient….. . Further, Section 22, Subsections b(i), (ii) & (iv) lay down the following provisions: –
The Food for Special Dietary Use is also covered in the Food, Safety and Standards (Health Supplements, Nutraceuticals, Foods for Special Dietary Uses, Foods for Special Medical Purpose, Functional Foods, and Novel Food) Regulations, 2016 which covers eight categories of foods, namely, Health Supplements, Nutraceuticals, Food for Special Dietary Use, Food for Special Medical Purpose, Speciality Food containing plant or botanicals, Foods containing Probiotics, Foods containing Prebiotics and Novel Foods. Requirements for such foods as detailed in these regulations pertain to essential composition; claims and labelling provisions. These standards also include the essential composition, requirements related to claims, labelling, permitted use of additives and the permissible limits of contaminants, toxins and residues. The regulations do not allow the use of hormones or steroids or psychotropic ingredients in any of the articles of food. Furthermore, these regulations provide various Schedules dealing with use of vitamins and minerals, amino acids, ingredients of plants or botanical origin, nutraceuticals, probiotics and prebiotics in these
products. The sub category under FSDU shall cover FSDU for Sportspersons considering their special needs.
FSDU for Sportsperson may be required to help sportsperson to meet the expenditure of energy during intense muscular effort, to improve exercise performance capacity, improve the efficiency of
exercise, enhance recovery from exercise, tolerate intensive training and remain healthy.
FSDU for Sportsperson can be broadly divided into the following categories:
Consumers must be aware about the difference between general health or food supplements and the food supplements for sportspersons. They must read the label and claims, and must be aware of the prohibited substances as per WADA. In addition to this, consumers should: –
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|Guidance Note on Food for Special Dietary Use for Sportsperson|
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