FSSAI has initiated “Diet 4 Life” to help people understand about metabolic disorders. It provides a comprehensive platform to parents, Health care professionals and parent support groups to adopt the right approach towards Inborn Errors of metabolism (IEM) management.
In India many babies suffer from life threatening conditions of IEM, and treatment of these metabolic disorders require early nutritional and dietary intervention. In view of the seriousness of the issue, FSSAI initiated a unique platform for parents to find timely medical support and treatment.
FSSAI has entered into a partnership with professional organizations, healthcare professionals and corporates to address the challenge that plagues a small section of our society.
Inherited metabolic disorders (IMD) or IEMs are caused by a defect in the enzymes or their co-factors due to gene mutation or gene deletions that alter the metabolism of protein, carbohydrate, or fat. Inborn errors of metabolism (IEM) are assuming significance in clinical practice due to it’s severe manifestations in neonatal period. The diagnosis of IEM needs to be established quickly in order to prevent death or permanent neurological squeal and to initiate proper life saving therapy without delay.
Since children born with genetic defects are on rise in India, Project “Diet 4 life” aims to make general public aware of some basic signs and symptoms of IEM so that parents can immediately seek help from their nearest Medical centre and initiate life saving medical and nutrition intervention. (See the list of Medical centres across India).
If your child presents with following signs and symptoms, seek immediate medical help from the listed medical centres:
Worldwide, the incidence of IEM is more than 1/1000. In India, diagnosis or new born screening is limited leading to many cases going undiagnosed. According to WHO figures, 5 million children die in the first month of life in developing countries and 4 million children are born with some congenital anomaly. Thousands of children die of no definable reason. Almost 27 – 30 % of these babies are now proved to be having some IEM disease. About 5 to 15 % of all sick neonates in NICU are expected to have some Inborn Error of Metabolism.
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